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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Импакт фактор: 1.423 5-летний Импакт фактор: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Печать: 1521-9437
ISSN Онлайн: 1940-4344

Выпуски:
Том 21, 2019 Том 20, 2018 Том 19, 2017 Том 18, 2016 Том 17, 2015 Том 16, 2014 Том 15, 2013 Том 14, 2012 Том 13, 2011 Том 12, 2010 Том 11, 2009 Том 10, 2008 Том 9, 2007 Том 8, 2006 Том 7, 2005 Том 6, 2004 Том 5, 2003 Том 4, 2002 Том 3, 2001 Том 2, 2000 Том 1, 1999

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v12.i2.40
pages 141-150

Taste Quality and Antioxidant Properties of Medicinal Mushrooms Phellinus linteus and Sparassis crispa Mycelia

Chih-Hung Liang
Department of Nutrition and Health Science, Chungchou Institute of Technology, Yuanlin, Changhua 51003, Taiwan, ROC; Department of Food Science, Tunghai University, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Shu-Yao Tsai
Department of Food Nutrition and Health Biotechnology, Asia University, Wufeng, Taichung, Taiwan, Republic of China; Department of Medical Research, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan, Republic of China
Shih-Jeng Huang
Department of Health Food, Chung Chou University of Science and Technology, Yuanlin, Changhua 51003, Taiwan, Republic of China
Zeng-Chin Liang
Department of Bioresources, Da-Yeh University, Changhua County 515, Taiwan
Jeng-Leun Mau
Department of Food Science and Biotechnology National Chung-Hsing University 250 Kuokuang Road, Taichung 40227, Taiwan, ROC

Краткое описание

Nonvolatile taste components of medicinal mushrooms Phellinus linteus and Sparassis crispa mycelia and filtrate were studied, as well as the antioxidant properties of their ethanolic and hot water extracts. Contents of fat, fiber, and protein were higher in mycelia, whereas contents of carbohydrate and crude ash were higher in filtrates. Mannitol content was the highest in Ph. linteus mycelia and trehalose content was the highest in S. crispa mycelia, whereas glucose content was the highest in two filtrates. Contents of total free amino acids were 24.41−182.70 mg/g. Contents of total and flavor 5’-nucleotides were 2.05−6.14 and 0.73−3.20 mg, respectively. Total phenols were the major antioxidant components found in both extracts. Overall, Ph. linteus mycelia and two filtrates possessed highly intense umami taste, whereas both extracts from two mycelia and Ph. linteus filtrate were effective in antioxidant properties, including antioxidant activity, reducing power, and scavenging abilities on free radicals.


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