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Catalysis in Green Chemistry and Engineering

ISSN Печать: 2572-9896
ISSN Онлайн: 2572-990X

Catalysis in Green Chemistry and Engineering

DOI: 10.1615/CatalGreenChemEng.2019030878
pages 25-42


Indu Ambat
Department of Green Chemistry, School of Engineering Science, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Sammonkatu 12, FI-50130 Mikel, Finland
Varsha Srivastava
Department of Green Chemistry, School of Engineering Science, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Sammonkatu 12, FI-50130 Mikel, Finland
Sidra Iftekhar
Department of Green Chemistry, School of Engineering Science, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Sammonkatu 12, FI-50130 Mikel, Finland
Esa Haapaniemi
Department of Organic Chemistry, University of Jyvaskyla, Finland
Mika Sillanpää
Department of Green Chemistry, School of Engineering Science, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Sammonkatu 12, FI-50130 Mikel, Finland

Краткое описание

The present work comprises the investigation of the effect of strontium and barium ion-based catalysts on biodiesel production from linseed oil and on the degradation of emerging pollutant carbamazepine (CBZ). The characterization of the synthesized catalyst was done using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analysis, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. XRD patterns suggested the highly crystalline nature of both catalysts. The BET surface areas of the strontium-based catalyst (SBC) and barium-based catalyst (BBC) were 0.139 and 0.142 m2/g, respectively. Linseedoil-derived biodiesel was characterized by gas chromatography with mass spectrometry (GC-MS), 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance. The maximum yields of 96.13% and 94.41% of linseed oil methyl ester were observed with 0.8 wt % BBC and 1.2 wt % SBC, respectively, at 60°C within a reaction time of 120 min. The physical properties of synthesized biodiesel from linseed oil were determined by the EN 14214 method. The efficiency of UV-assisted photocatalytic degradation of CBZ using SBC and BBC as a catalyst was determined. The 98.5% and 94.5% degradation of CBZ were achieved with BBC and SBC, respectively, with an oxidant dose of 20 mM at their optimum pH. The identification of the obtained degraded products was done by GC-MS analysis, which showed the formation of four by-products, viz., iminostilbene, benzoic acid 4-ethoxy- ethyl ester, ethyl 3-hydroxybenzoate, and isophthalaldehyde. Synthesized catalysts were found to be efficient in biodiesel synthesis and photocatalytic degradation of CBZ.


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