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Critical Reviews™ in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
SJR: 0.121 SNIP: 0.228 CiteScore™: 0.17

ISSN Печать: 0896-2960
ISSN Онлайн: 2162-6553

Выпуски:
Том 31, 2019 Том 30, 2018 Том 29, 2017 Том 28, 2016 Том 27, 2015 Том 26, 2014 Том 25, 2013 Том 24, 2012 Том 23, 2011 Том 22, 2010 Том 21, 2009 Том 20, 2008 Том 19, 2007 Том 18, 2006 Том 17, 2005 Том 16, 2004 Том 15, 2003 Том 14, 2002 Том 13, 2001 Том 12, 2000 Том 11, 1999 Том 10, 1998 Том 9, 1997 Том 8, 1996 Том 7, 1995

Critical Reviews™ in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevPhysRehabilMed.v13.i1.10
26 pages

Determinants, Limiting Factors, and Compensatory Strategies in Gait

Sylvie Nadeau
School of Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, University of Montreal, and CRIR, Montreal Rehabilitation Institute, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Denis Gravel
School of Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, University of Montreal, and CRIR, Montreal Rehabilitation Institute, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Sandra Jean Olney
School of Rehabilitation Therapy, Queen's University Kingston, Ontario, Canada

Краткое описание

In the field of rehabilitation, gait evaluation and training is an everyday task confronted by the therapist. To correct gait problems in an efficient manner, an understanding of the relevant gait concepts are essential. It is the purpose of this review to describe and discuss particular biomechanical issues that have consequences on gait training. This article reviews the determinants of gait, with special focus placed on the strength and range of motion (ROM) factors. General considerations are presented, followed by a summary of the specific roles of the sagittal muscle groups in gait. The literature about the associations between muscle weakness, ROM, and normal gait is reviewed, and findings are discussed in relation to the gait pattern. In the second part of the article, descriptions and concepts around the limiting factors and compensatory strategies are presented and discussed. This article is based on relevant literature and our understanding as physical therapists of what is important for rehabilitation specialists to know about the determinants, the limiting factors, and the compensatory strategies in gait.


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