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Critical Reviews™ in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
SJR: 0.117 SNIP: 0.228 CiteScore™: 0.17

ISSN Печать: 0896-2960
ISSN Онлайн: 2162-6553

Выпуски:
Том 31, 2019 Том 30, 2018 Том 29, 2017 Том 28, 2016 Том 27, 2015 Том 26, 2014 Том 25, 2013 Том 24, 2012 Том 23, 2011 Том 22, 2010 Том 21, 2009 Том 20, 2008 Том 19, 2007 Том 18, 2006 Том 17, 2005 Том 16, 2004 Том 15, 2003 Том 14, 2002 Том 13, 2001 Том 12, 2000 Том 11, 1999 Том 10, 1998 Том 9, 1997 Том 8, 1996 Том 7, 1995

Critical Reviews™ in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevPhysRehabilMed.v24.i1-2.30
pages 51-67

Whole-body Vibration Training in Older Adults: Retention of the Strengthening Effects

Kelly M. Carr
Department of Kinesiology, University of Windsor, Windsor, ON, Canada
Chantelle C. Lachance
Department of Biomedical Physiology and Kinesiology, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada; Department of Kinesiology, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario, Canada
Kenji A. Kenno
Department of Kinesiology, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario, Canada
Nancy McNevin
Department of Kinesiology, University of Windsor, Windsor, ON, Canada
Sean Horton
Adapted Physical Exercise (APEX) Research Group, Department of Kinesiology, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario
Patricia L. Weir
Department of Kinesiology, University of Windsor, Windsor, ON, Canada

Краткое описание

Our purpose was to determine if strength gains from 16 sessions of whole-body vibration (WBV) or resistance (RES) training persist for seniors after a four-week retention period. Participants included 46 community-dwelling seniors (mean age = 73.13 years; 27 males, 19 females). Baseline measures (T1) were taken following the training protocol. Measures included fitness testing, a physical abilities questionnaire, and an interview. Retention testing (T2) occurred after participants engaged in normal daily activities for four weeks. Statistical analyses included 2 (condition: WBV versus RES) × 2 (activity level: high versus low) × 2 (time: T1 versus T2) mixed factorial ANOVAs on each dependent measure. Participants in the RES group and those who were highly active performed better on the chair stand test. No significant findings were revealed in the remaining fitness measures. The questionnaire indicated that walking 0.5 miles was perceived as less difficult at T2 than at T1. Nearly all self-reported physical ability measures were perceived as less difficult for highly active participants. Strengthening effects acquired through WBV or RES training were maintained in seniors after a four-week retention period, regardless of condition or activity level. However, activity level influenced the perception of one's physical abilities.


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