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Critical Reviews™ in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Post-Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery and Associated Rehabilitation
Department of Science, McMaster University, Michael G. DeGroote School of Medicine, 10b Victoria St South, Kitchener Ontario, N2G 1C5, Canada
Departments of Interdisciplinary Sciences and Medicine, McMaster University, Michael G. DeGroote School of Medicine, 10b Victoria St South, Kitchener Ontario, N2G 1C5, Canada; Department of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, L8S 4K1, Ontario, Canada; Departments of Kinesiology and Medicine, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, L8S 4L9, Ontario, Canada
Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is one of the most common cardiac surgeries performed in Canada and the United States. Every year, nearly 500,000 CABG surgeries are performed in the USA. After surgery, patients are in the intensive care unit for 2-3 days, where blood pressure, heart rate, oxygen levels, and pulmonary function are constantly monitored. In some instances, an exercise protocol (called phase I) may be implemented in the ICU; however, its effectiveness is not certain. In phase II, rehabilitation consists of medically supervised exercises and education on stress reduction and healthy living. In this review, randomized clinical trial studies in the last 10 years will be analyzed to determine (1) optimal exercises in phase I and phase II to improve physical function capacity, (2) medications to help reduce postoperative complications and manage comorbidities, (3) management of psychological function to increase health-related quality of life, and (4) comparing home-based to supervised hospital treatment.
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