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Modelling pollutant dispersion over a city in a hilly terrain under initially stable and neutral stratification

Sasa Kenjeres
Transport Phenomena Section, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Delft University of Technology and J.M. Burgerscentrum for Fluid Mechanics, Delft, The Netherlands

K. Hanjalic
Department of Multi-scale Physics, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands and Novosibirsk State University, Russia

A. Bevrnja
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

A. Zilic
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Аннотация

We present results of numericalmodelling of dispersion of a passive pollutant over a middle-size city in complex hilly terrain under different initial thermal stratification conditions. The computations were performed in the time-dependent Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (T-RANS) framework, using an algebraic three-equation (AFM k − ε − θ2) turbulence model for subscale heat and concentration fluxes. Considered are two scenarios that mimic relevant meteorological conditions. The first is a typical windless winter day with distinct potential temperature inversions (at 800m and 400m above the valley ground with a gradient of 4 K/km in the upper atmosphere) where the transport of pollutants is solely driven by thermal buoyancy effects generated by heat islands. A multi-zonal approach was used to define different levels of heat and concentration emissions within the city. The second case was forced convection with neutral stratification for the city centre at a neighborhood scale with pre-defined approaching wind. Here, a non-uniform building-resolving mesh (down to 4m) was used with traffic emissions along all major roads as the primary pollution sources. The simulations provided details of spatial and temporal evolution of flow and scalar fields over the city.

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