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THE ROLE OF VORTEX WAKE DYNAMICS IN THE FLOW-INDUCED VIBRATION OF TUBE ARRAYS

Nicholas Kevlahan
Department of Mathematics & Statistics McMaster University Hamilton ON L8S 4K1 Canada

Аннотация

Potential flow and two-dimensional Navier−Stokes calculations are used to investigate the role of vortex shedding in the non-resonant flow-induced vibration of periodic tube arrays. This dual approach untangles the effects of potential and vortical flow. The negative damping theory is shown to be inconsistent with the Navier−Stokes simulations, and allowing only a single degree of freedom in tube motion significantly overestimates the critical velocity. In contrast, Navier−Stokes simulations which allow all tubes to move in both the transverse and streamwise directions give results in good agreement with experiment. Somewhat surprisingly, potential flow calculations including an artificial phase lag between fluid force and tube motion give reasonably accurate results for a wide range of phase lags. This may be due to the fact that the most unstable mode at onset appears to be streamwise antiphase (not whirling), as observed in the potential flow case.