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INVESTIGATION OF VORTICAL STRUCTURES IN THE HUMAN PHARYNX/LARYNX REGION

A.-M. Shinneeb
Department of Mecanical and Materials Engineering Queen’s University 130 Stuart Street Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6

Andrew Pollard
Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario Canada K7L 3N6

Аннотация

PIV measurements have been made at three locations in the pharynx/larynx region in the ETA model, one along the central sagittal plane and two cross-sectional planes. The measurements were made at a flow rate of 9.05 l/min which corresponds approximately to 10 l/min in the prototype. The corresponding Reynolds number Re based on the inlet condition is 673. Two thousand images were acquired at each location at a framing rate of 2 Hz. The mean velocity fields were then calculated. In addition, the data was analysed by the proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) technique to expose vortical structures. Only few modes were used for the POD reconstruction which recovered about 60% of the turbulent kinetic energy.
The results showed that the flow is characterised by regions of re-circulation, jet-like, and sink-like flows. In addition, the POD-reconstructed fields revealed the existence of eneregetic structures in the human pharynx/larynx region near the epiglottis. Some interesting features were observed in that region such as tearing and pairing processes, as well as the interaction between the flows induced by the structures.